Gerhard schröder fritz schröder

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Gerhard fritz Kurt Schröder

Birthdate: april 07, 1944
Birthplace: Mossenberg, Blomberg, Detmold, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany

Son of fritz Schröder und Private Husband von Private; Private; Private und Private

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Last Updated: september 21, 2016


Gerhard fritz Kurt Schröder <%CB%88%C9%A1%C9%9B%C9%90%CC%AFha%C9%90%CC%AFt fʁɪts kʊʁt ˈʃʁøːdɐ>; born 7 april 1944) ist a German politician, and served together Chancellor des Germany native 1998 kommen sie 2005. Together a member of the Social autonomous Party des Germany (SPD), he angeführt a coalition government von the SPD und the Greens. Before coming to be a full time politician, he was a lawyer, and before ending up being Chancellor he offered as element Minister of Lower saxony (1990–1998). Following ns 2005 commonwealth election, i beg your pardon his party lost, after three weeks von negotiations he stood under as Chancellor in favour of angela Merkel of the rival christian Democratic Union. He ist currently ns chairman of the plank of knospe Stream AG, after having been hired together a globalen manager by investment bank Rothschild.

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Early life und career

Schröder was born in Mossenberg, Lippe (today bei outlying centre of Blomberg, phibìc Rhine-Westphalia). His father, fritz Schröder, a lance corporal bei the Wehrmacht, was killed an action bei World war II in Romania ~ above 4 October 1944, almost sechs months ~ Gerhard"s birth. His mother, Erika (née Vosseler), functioned as an agricultural laborer dafür that she could support herself und her 2 sons.

Schröder completed in apprenticeship an retail sales in a Lemgo hardware einkaufen from 1958 kommen sie 1961 and subsequently worked in a lage retail shop und after the as bei unskilled construction worker und a sales clerk bei Göttingen whilst studying weist night school for a high school diploma. That did not have to execute military leistungen because his father had died an the war. Bei 1966, Schröder secured entrance zu a university, passing ns Abitur exam punkt Westfalen-Kolleg, Bielefeld. From 1966-71 the studied law at die University of Göttingen. Native 1972 onwards, Schröder served as an assistant at ns university. In 1976, he passed his second law examination, and he subsequently functioned as a lawyer until 1990.

Among his much more controversial cases, Schröder helped horst Mahler, a founding member von the Baader-Meinhof terrorist group, kommen sie secure both an early release from prison and permission zu practice regulation again bei Germany.

Schröder joined ns Social autonomous Party an 1963. An 1978 the became the federal chairman von the Young Socialists, the youth organisation von the SPD. He spoke zum the dissident Rudolf Bahro, together did president Jimmy Carter, herbert Marcuse und Wolf Biermann. An 1982 he wrote in article on die idea des a red/green coalition for a book punkt Olle & Wolter, Berlin; this appeared later in "Die Zeit". Chancellor Willy Brandt, the SPD and SI chairman, that reviewed Olle & Wolter punkt that time, had just asked for more publications on the subject. In 1980 gerhard Schröder was elected to ns German bundestag (federal parliament), whereby he wore a sweater instead des the timeless suit. He came to be chairman of the spd Hanover district. Bei 1985, Schröder met die GDR leader Erich Honecker during a visit to ost Berlin. In 1986, Schröder was elected to die parliament von Lower Saxony and became leader von the spd group. After ~ the spd won the state elections bei June 1990, the became ureigensten Minister von Lower Saxony together head of in SPD-Greens coalition; in this position, he deshalb won the 1994 and 1998 zustand elections.

In commonwealth politics

Following his election together Minister-President in 1990, Schröder became a member of the board des the commonwealth SPD. In 1997 and 1998 he served as President des the Bundesrat, yet he left office ~ above 27 October, 3 days before his term expired, wie he came to be Chancellor together head of bei SPD-Green coalition. At ns 22 september 2002 basic elections, that secured one more four-year term, through a small nine-seat bulk (down native 21). After ns resignation of Oskar Lafontaine as spd Chairman bei March 1999, an protest weist Schröder"s adoption von a number of what Lafontaine taken into consideration "neo-liberal" policies, Schröder took end his rival"s office together well. In February 2004, the resigned together chairman of the SPD. Franz Müntefering succeeded ihm as chairman.

On 22 may 2005, after the spanien lost kommen sie the christian Democrats (CDU) bei North Rhine-Westphalia, gerhard Schröder announced the would speak to federal vote "as shortly as possible". A motion of confidence was subsequently defeated an the bundestag on 1 July 2005 über 151 kommen sie 296 (with 148 abstaining), after Schröder urged members not to vote zum his government an order kommen sie trigger neu elections.

The 2005 German commonwealth elections were organized on 18 September. After die elections, neither Schröder"s SPD-Green coalition nor ns alliance between CDU/CSU and the FDP führen zu by angela Merkel accomplished a majority bei parliament, but die CDU/CSU had actually a stronger well-known electoral lead by one portion point. Since the spd had to be trailing the CDU von more than fünfzehn points only weeks before the election, this outcome was a surprise and was greatly attributed kommen sie Schröder"s charisma and prowess as a campaigner; polls consistently confirmed that the was much more famous with the German human being than Merkel. On choice night, both Schröder and Merkel claimed victory and chancellorship, but after originally ruling the end a großartiger coalition with Merkel, Schröder and Müntefering gone into negotiations with her und the CSU"s Edmund Stoiber. ~ above 10 October, it was announced that the partys had i agreeed to form a großartiger coalition. Schröder agreed kommen sie cede ns chancellorship kommen sie Merkel, but the spd would hold ns majority of government posts und retain substantial control des government policy. Merkel was elected chancellor ~ above 22 November.

On 11 October, Schröder announced that he would notfall take a post in the new Cabinet and, bei November, he evidenced that he would certainly leave politics as shortly as merkel took office. Top top 23 november 2005, the resigned his bundestag seat. Subsequently, he join Ringier AG, ns publisher des some des the leading newspapers und magazines an Switzerland und Europe, as a Zurich-based politics consultant and lobbyist. Top top 14 November, hinweisen the spd conference in Karlsruhe, Schröder urged members of the spd to support die proposed coalition, speak it "carries unmistakably, perhaps primarily, ns imprint of the social Democrats". Many spanien members had previously indicated that they supported die coalition, i beg your pardon would oase continued die policies von Schröder"s government, however had objected to angela Merkel replacing er as Chancellor. Ns conference poll overwhelmingly zu approve die deal.


Domestic policies

In its erste term, Schröder"s government determined to bühne out nuclear power, fund renewable energies, institute polite unions which allowed same-sex partners kommen sie enter right into a civil union, and liberalize naturalization law. Many voters associated Schröder v the tagesordnungspunkt 2010 reform program, which contained cuts in the society welfare system (national health insurance, unemployment payments, pensions), lowered taxes, und reformed regulation on employment and payment.

After the 2002 election, the spanien steadily shed support bei opinion polls. Plenty of increasingly regarded Schröder"s third Way program to be a dismantling von the German welfare state. Moreover, Germany"s high unemployment price remained a serious belästigung for the government. Schröder"s tax policies were deshalb unpopular; when ns satirical radio show die Gerd zeigen released das Steuersong, special Schröder"s voice (by impressionist Elmar Brandt) lampooning Germany"s indirect taxation with ns lyrics "Dog tax, tobacco tax, emissions and environmental tax, did you really think much more weren"t coming?", it ended up being Germany"s 2002 Christmas No. 1 graph hit und sold end a million copies. Die fact the Schröder served on the Volkswagen board (a position that came v his lage as minister-president von Lower Saxony) and tended zu prefer pro-car policies led to ihm being nicknamed ns "Auto-Kanzler" (car chancellor).

Foreign policy

Schröder sent out forces to Kosovo and to Afghanistan as part of nato operations. Until Schröder"s Chancellorship, German troops had notfall taken part bei combat actions since World war II. With Germany having actually a lang experience v terrorism itself, Schröder asserted solidarity with the United states after the september 11 terrorist attacks. Wie man Schröder left office Germany had 2,000 troops in Afghanistan, ns largest contingent from any land other than die United States, Britain, France, Canada und after 2 year Afghanistan.

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Along with French president Jacques Chirac und many other world leaders, Schröder spoke the end strongly against die 2003 invasion des Iraq und refused any type of military assistance an that enterprise. Schröder"s stance caused political friction bolzen the U.S. Und Germany, in particular because he provided this topic for his 2002 choice campaign. Schröder"s view set ns stage weil das alleged anti-American statements by members des the SPD. The parliamentary leader von the SPD, Ludwig Stiegler, compared U.S. President george W. Bush to Julius Caesar while Schröder"s Minister von Justice, Herta Däubler-Gmelin, likened Bush"s foreign policy kommen sie that of Adolf Hitler. Schröder"s movie critics accused er of enhancing, und campaigning on, anti-American sentiments an Germany. Because his 2002 re-election, Schröder und Bush seldom met and their animosity was seen together a widening politics gap betwee the U.S. Und Europe. Busch stated in his memoirs the Schröder initially promised kommen sie support die Iraq war but changed his mental with die upcoming German elections und public opinion strongly against ns invasion, to which Schröder responded saying that busch was “not telling ns truth”.

On 1 august 2004, die 60th anniversary of the 1944 Warsaw Uprising, that apologised zu Poland weil das "the immeasurable suffering" of its human being during die conflict. He was the first German chancellor to be invited to bei anniversary des the uprising. In addition kommen sie a friendly connection with Jacques Chirac, Schröder grew close ties with Russian President wladimir Putin, in in attempt to strengthen ns "strategic partnership" bolzen Berlin and Moscow, including ns opening von a gas pipeline native Russian Dan Marino-Pipelines over ns Baltic Sea exclusively betwee Russia und Germany (see "Gazprom controversy" below).

Schröder was criticized in the media, und subsequently by angela Merkel, for calling puin a "flawless democrat" on 22 november 2004, only days before putin prematurely congratulated Viktor Yanukovich during ns Orange Revolution. Just a couple of days after his chancellorship, Schröder joined die board of directors von the share venture. For this reason bringing about neu speculations around his prior objectivity. In his memoirs Decisions: mine Life bei Politics, Schröder ausblüten defends his friend and political ally, und states that "it would be wrong zu place too much demands top top Russia wie man it comes to ns rate des domestic political reform und democratic development, or to judge it exclusively on the basis of die Chechnya conflict."

Schröder has actually criticised part European countries" swift decision kommen sie recognise Kosovo as in independent zustand after it claimed independence bei February 2008. That believes the decision was taken under heavy pressure from die U.S. Government and has caused much more problems, including the weakening des the so-called pro-EU forces in Serbia. An August 2008, Schröder laid die blame weil das the 2008 southern Ossetia war squarely top top Mikhail Saakashvili and "the West", hinting at American foreknowledge und refusing kommen sie criticize any aspect of Russian plan which had actually thus far kommen sie to light.

In march 2014, Schröder likened Russia"s intervention an Crimea v NATO"s intervention in Kosovo, citing both instances as violations of international law and the UN Charter. That further stated that there had actually been “unhappy developments” on the outskirts von the previous Soviet union since the ende of the Cold War, leading putin to develop justifiable “fears around being encircled”. On 13 in march 2014, bei attempt von the German Green splitterpartei to ban herr Schroeder from speaking an public around Ukraine was narrowly defeated in the europe parliament. His decision zu celebrate his 70th birthday party with Putin bei Saint Petersburg’s Yusupov Palace in late april elicited additional criticism from numerous members of Merkel’s society Democrat coalition, including human rights spokesperson christoph Strasser.

Personal life

Schröder has actually been married 4 times:

Eva Schubach (married 1968, divorced 1972); anne Taschenmacher (married 1972, divorce 1984); Hiltrud Hampel ("Hillu"; married 1984, divorced 1997); Doris Köpf (married 1997, divorce 2016).

Schröder"s four marriages schutz earned him the nickname "Audi Man", a reference to ns four-ring symbol von Audi motorcars. Another nickname ist "The Lord of the Rings".

Doris Köpf has actually a daughter indigenous a previous relationship with a tv journalist. She leben with ns couple. In July 2004, Schröder und Köpf embraced a child from St. Petersburg. In 2006, they embraced another kid from St. Petersburg. Wie man not bei Berlin, Schröder lives an Hanover.

Schröder identifies himself as a member of the Evangelical Church in Germany, but does notfall appear to be religious. The did notfall add the optional phrase deswegen wahr mir gott helfe ("so help me God") wie sworn in as chancellor zum his erste term in 1998.

Schröder"s plans after leaving office as Chancellor und resigning his trennung seat encompass resuming his legislation practice in Berlin and writing a book. The will so be retained by the Swiss publisher Ringier AG as a consultant. The rents in apartment in Berlin while retaining his primary residence bei Hanover. Together a former Chancellor, he ist entitled zu a long-term office, deshalb situated an Berlin. He spent time boosting his English language skills.

Criticism and controversies


As Chancellor, gerhard Schröder was a solid advocate des the nord Stream pipeline project, which aims to supply Russian gas directly zu Germany, in order to bypassing transit countries. The agreement kommen sie build the pipeline was signed 2 weeks before the German parliament election. ~ above 24 October 2005, just a few weeks before Schröder stepped down as Chancellor, die German government guaranteed to startseite 1 exchange rate euros des the nord Stream task cost, need to Gazprom default on a loan. However, this guarantee had never been used. Quickly after stepping down as chancellor, Schröder accepted Gazprom"s nomination weil das the post des the head of the shareholders" committee of nord Stream AG, raising questions about a potential conflict of interest. German opposition parties expressed concern over die issue, together did the governments von countries end whose territory gas is at this time pumped. In in editorial entitled gerhard Schroeder"s Sellout, die American newspaper the Washington Post also expressed sharp criticism, reflecting widening international ramifications of Schröder"s new post. Democrat tom Lantos, chairman des the vereinigt States residence Committee on foreign Affairs, likened Schröder to a "political prostitute" zum his recent behaviour. An January 2009, the Wall Street journal reported the Schröder would join the board des the oil agency TNK-BP, a share venture bolzen oil significant BP and Russian partners.

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Defamation lawsuit

In april 2002, Schröder sued die DDP niederdrücken agency zum publishing in opinion von public relations consultant Sabine Schwind saying the he "would be much more credible if that didn"t dye his gray hair". Ns court decided zu ban the media from saying that the colours his hair. The Chancellor"s spokesman said: "This ist not a frivolous activity taken end whether the does or doesn"t dye his hair, but zu sein a significant issue about his word." ns agency"s lawyer claimed that castle could notfall accept a verdict which "does notfall coincide v freedom of the press."

Dispute over Estonian zu sein memorial

During a heated dispute betwee Russia und Estonia in May 2007 over the removal of a Soviet-era war memorial from the centre von the Estonian resources Tallinn zu a armed forces cemetery, Schröder defended die Kremlin"s reaction. He remarked the Estonia had actually contradicted "every form of civilised behaviour". Consequently, die Estonian federal government cancelled a to plan visit by Schröder bei his role as chairman of knospe Stream AG, which disclosure the benzin pipeline indigenous Russia zu Germany.