bei 1891, ns federal federal government assumed duty from the states for regulating immigrant through ns Immigration Act von 1891, i beg your pardon established the Office des Immigration (later die Bureau des Immigration) to administer immigrant affairs. Ns government also appropriated money kommen sie build a new immigrant inspection terminal on Ellis Island. The Immigration action assigned the marine Hospital leistungen (later die Public wellness Service) the responsibility von examining die health of immigrants entering the United States.

Before construction des Ellis Island"s first immigration depot began, the island was doubled in size v landfill. A ferry slip was dredged und a anklagebank installed next to the taste building site. A number von older structures from ns island"s time as a military post were adapted zum re-use. Ellis Island"s erste immigration building, constructed of Georgia pine, opened up on januar 1, 1892.

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early out to die economic depression at the time, immigration was light and Ellis island inspectors had no difficulty an processing die fewer than 20,000 immigrants who arrived annually. ~ above June 15, 1897 a fire destroyed ns complex des wooden buildings. Return 140 immigrants und numerous employees to be on die island, no one was killed.

The federal government announced almost immediately the Ellis island would it is in rebuilt with fireproof buildings. The new York architectural firm des Boring und Tilton was awarded ns contract after ~ a competition entered von five outstanding firms, including McKim, Mead & White.

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The zuerst building to be built was die new hauptsächlich Immigration Building, which opened up on December 17, 1900. Adhering to its completion, the Kitchen and Laundry and Powerhouse structures were erected in 1901 und the island was enlarged by landfill kommen sie make room weil das a hospital complex. An March von 1902, the main Hospital structure opened. Ns hospital had the space und equipment to care for 125 patients but it was blieb not enough--the hospital was overwhelmed with patients diagnosed v trachoma, favus, und other transmittable illnesses the warranted exclusion. Over ns next seven years, additional buildings were included to the hospital complex including die Hospital addition / administration Building, the new Hospital Extension, und the Psychopathic Ward. The island was so enlarged once more using landfill, which allowed weil das the construction von a Contagious an illness Hospital und Isolation Wards, as well as extr support buildings.

The it is registered Room in the hauptsächlich Immigration building c. 1906. Photo

Almost 12 million immigrants were processed through ns immigration station on Ellis Island bolzen 1892 und 1954 when ns station closed. Von 1924, however, die number des immigrants gift processed at Ellis island had been significantly reduced von anti-immigration regulation designed to establish quotas von nationality. This legislation substantially reduced the number of immigrants allowed zu enter ns United States.

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The emergency Quota Act, passed bei 1921, ended U.S"s offen door immigration policy. Die law substantially reduced the number von admissions von setting quotas according to nationality. Ns number of each nationality that might be admitted to die United States was limited to 3% des that nationality"s representation in the U.S. Census of 1910. Ns law created havoc weil das those on Ellis Island und thousands von immigrants to be stranded ~ above the island awaiting deportation. The island sometimes became dafür overcrowded the officials had kommen sie admit excess-quota immigrants.

The first Quota Act was replaced with the even an ext restrictive immigration Act des 1924. This action further limited admissions von each nationality to ns United States to 2% von that nationality"s representation in the 1890 census. Die act sought notfall only to limit admissions to the United States, but deshalb to curtail immigration von southern und eastern Europeans, who by the 1900s consisted of over 50% von the immigrant flow. Additionally, ns Immigration Act des 1924 permitted prospective immigrants to undergo inspection before they left your homeland, making the trip kommen sie Ellis island unnecessary.