Was ist die ss

The SS (Schutzstaffel, or defense Squads) was originally developed as Adolf Hitler’s personal bodyguard unit. It would letztere become both ns elite guard von the nazi Reich and Hitler’s executive force prepared to carry the end all security-related duties, there is no regard weil das legal restraint.


From die beginning des the nazi- regime, Hitler entrusted die SS first und foremost with the removal und eventual murder des political and so-called gyeongju enemies von the regime.


The SS came to be a virtual zustand within a state an Nazi Germany, staffed über men who regarded themselves as ns “racial elite” von the nazi- future.

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The SS was specifically fee with ns leadership of the “Final Solution,” ns murder des European Jews.

From usual beginnings ns SS (Schutzstaffel; security Squadrons), came to be a virtual state within a state in Nazi Germany, staffed von men who viewed themselves as the “racial elite” of nazi future.

In the nazi state, ns SS assumed leading responsibility for security, identification of ethnicity, settlement and population policy, und intelligence collection und analysis. Die SS controlled ns German police forces and the concentration camp system. Ns SS conceived and implemented to plan designed kommen sie restructure the ethnic composition of eastern Europe and the occupied Soviet Union.

From 1939, ns SS presume responsibility weil das “solving” ns so-called Jewish Question; ~ 1941, its leadership planned, coordinated und directed ns so-called last Solution des the Jewish Question. This “solution” was ns annihilation des the european Jews, which we now refer to as the Holocaust.

The SS before the nazi- Seizure of Power

In 1925, Adolf Hitler, the führen of the national Socialist German Worker"s splitterpartei (Nationalsozialistische deutsch Arbeiterpartei-NSDAP), or nazi party, established ns SS. Subordinated to the chief of staff of the SA (Sturmabteilungen; assault Detachments), die SS had the following duties: protecting Hitler and other nazi- leaders and speakers, offering security zum political meetings, and soliciting subscribers kommen sie the nazi party newspaper, Der Völkischer Beobachter (The Race-Conscious Observer).

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In januar 1929, hinweisen a time when ns SS numbered 280 men, Hitler appointed heinrich Himmler Reichsführer-SS (Reich Leader des the SS). Himmler saw in opportunity zu develop in elite corps des the nazi- party based upon race-nationalist (völkisch) visions des “racial purity,” und loyalty kommen sie Hitler as die personification of the future von the German nation. With rigorous selection of candidates zum entry into the SS ~ above the basis of “racial” ancestry and political reliability, he transformed die SS into in elite security composed of the best easily accessible German “racial material” with in absolute loyalty zu Hitler"s leadership of the nazi movement und the German nation and Hitler"s vision des the long-term future weil das the third Reich.

Before ns Nazis seized power an Germany, Himmler introduced two vital functions to die SS: internal security and guardianship end racial purity. A few months ~ his SS crushed a revolt versus Hitler"s leadership von the berlin SA, inspiring ns SS motto, “My honor is loyalty,” Himmler created die Security dienstleistungen (Sicherheitsdienst-SD) in the summer of 1931. The SD gathered intelligence on Hitler"s opponents within the nazi- party, leaders und activities of other politics parties, and also on federal government officials, both federal und local. In August 1934, nazi party deputy leader Rudolf Hess announced that die SD would henceforth be ns only agency authorized zu gather and analyze politics intelligence in the der dritte tag Reich.

In late 1931, Himmler established a SS Race und Settlement Office (Rasse- und Siedlungsamt) zu evaluate applications des SS males seeking to marry under a neu internal “Marriage Decree.” This “expertise,” occurred through maintaining “racial purity” an the SS, would letztere be utilized in wartime to determine whether an individual was “German” or not. Such a decision could, at a minimum, typical a job and better rations for a resident bei German-occupied territory throughout World war II. Zum a Polish forced laborer bei the Reich accused des having had actually sexual relations with a German woman, this “racial evaluation” can mean die difference between life und death.

The SS together Ideological executive, management Force

When the Nazis seized power in January 1933, members of the SS numbered much more than 52,000. Together a reward for its role in murdering ernst Röhm and the oberteil leadership von the SA ~ above June 30-July 2, 1934, Hitler announced that ns SS was an independent organization. SS chief Himmler was now subordinate to Hitler in Hitler"s neu capacity as führen (leader) des Germany. Together Führer, Hitler was no longer a politician or chief executive, management bound by the legit constraints des the German State, but rather a symbol of Germany"s future survival and greatness, through authority zu act outside the laws von the state to insurance Germany"s survival and greatness. Himmler"s subordination to Hitler within this “Führer-Executive” chain von command was the basis for the immense power that the SS gathered during the nazi- regime.

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As SS chief, Himmler got authority directly from Hitler zu carry the end ideological plans that the laws of the state might notfall permit. This ideologically-rooted “Führer authority” permitted authorization des indefinite incarceration bei the concentration camp system and mass murder. Nazi leaders justification this extra-legal chain des command and the policies initiated under its authorization von the national emergency decrees following ns Reichstag Fire in 1933 and, after 1939, von the intensified notfall created von the war.